Monferrato DOC wine: a little, great masterpiece
The Monferrato wine obtained the Denomination of Controlled Origin in November 1994 and since then has always carried with honor this recognition, which derives from a very ancient history.
How to recognize a real DOC Monferrato
In order to be real DOC wines, during vinification it is necessary to respect different practices, such as:
- On every DOC wine of Monferrato must be necessarily reported the vintage of the grapes production;
- The maximum yield of the grape in an Authentic DOC wine of Monferrato cannot exceed 70%. If this quota is exceeded, the wine automatically loses the right to the indication of DOC.
The origins of the DOC Monferrato wine
Monferrato, and Piedmont in general, have always been areas with a wine vocation, especially in the Monferrato area, where the vineyards, along with the particular climate of the area, dominate the whole landscape.
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Viticulture has always been practiced in the area, since Roman times, without great changes until 800. In that period, complicit the Savoy Kingdom and the enlightened ideas of Napoleon, peasants redeemed many lands to nobles and clergy to begin to cultivate them.
Through large-scale land reclamation, massive deforestation and great effort, they began to have new land to cultivate, also to meet the need for food given by population growth.
Piedmontese farmers, always engaged in the art of viticulture, began to plant vineyards that could bring a good profit. In fact, if until that time the cultivation was mainly dedicated to subsistence, it was also important a commercial exchange that would help in the growth of the farms. In fact, the small land property corresponded to both larger fields to be cultivated, but also to farms that, isolated or in small groups, gradually became new centers of aggregation. Even the peasants came closer to these settlements, giving rise to new villages, or by growing those already existing.
In the second half of the 19th century the peasants moved slowly towards the valley floor, where more urbanization began to develop, with roads and railways. At the beginning of the ‘900, however, an epidemic that hit the fields, combined with the scarcity of fields remained available, many farmers left Monferrato.
Many went to work in the cities and many others emigrated, resulting in a shortage of labor, a problem that persists even today. For this reason today the cultivation is more extensive and mechanized, where specialization is now one of the keys to the success of Monferrato DOC wine.